Introduction PR-STV or proportional representation – single transferable vote, is a unique electoral system in that it is very much a candidate centred method of voting, which accommodates intraparty competition in elections. However, it also allows the voter to support a political party simultaneously if they so wish. It differs greatly from the other two […]
The recent proposal to abolish the Seanad was poorly communicated to voters
The thirty-second Amendment to the Constitution (Abolition of Seanad Eireann) Bill 2013 states ‘it is proposed – (A) to amend the constitution for the purpose of abolishing Seanad Eireann and providing that the Oireachtas shall, from the date of such abolition, consist of the President and Dail Eireann; and (B) in consequence of the foregoing, […]
Why is it so difficult to amend the U.S Constitution?
Introduction The American federal constitution is one of the oldest consolidated constitutional documents in the world, coming into force in 1789 after being ratified by the thirteen original states. A constitution must be balanced in such a particular way that it holds societies core values, usually regarding the governance of the state and the rights […]
What Causes Civil Wars?
What Causes Civil War? Between 1945 and 1999, about 3.33 million battle deaths occurred in the 25 interstate wars that killed at least 1,000 and had at least 100 dead on each side.” (Fearon and Laitin 2003) This quote reveals that although civil wars are only occurring in a relatively small geographical area of the […]
“I am not my brother’s keeper” – Albert Goering Albert Goering was a shy, introverted, sensitive child, given easily to tears. His adult professional life was quiet, conservative and uncontroversial. Only when his brother’s political party set about destroying everything he believed in did Albert reveal the extent his personal courage, conviction and incorruptibility: “when […]
The Night Witches
The 588th Night Bomber Aviation Regiment is the best known of the three female regiments established by Marina Raskova in the USSR during World War II. Largely unknown in the west, she is one of the most venerated and best-loved female aviators of the USSR. The regiment was redesigned the 46th Guards Night Bomber Aviation […]